The problem and the solution. To assist employees in their pursuit of balance, human resource development practitioners must recognize that different family types face different challenges and require different approaches to promoting work—family balance. Early research in this area defined family type very simply: Both partners worked for pay outside the home or both partners had careers. Changes in the demographic profile of families and in the nature of work have rendered this typology obsolete. This article proposes a new, expanded conceptualization of family type that recognizes four family types: dual-career, dual-earner, new-traditional, and status-reversal.

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Keywords family type, theory, work—life conflict
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Journal Advances in Developing Human Resources
Duxbury, L, Lyons, S. (Sean), & Higgins, C. (Christopher). (2007). Dual-Income Families in the New Millennium: Reconceptualizing Family Type. Advances in Developing Human Resources, 9(4), 472–486. doi:10.1177/1523422307305488