A Person-Centered Analysis of Risk Factors that Compromise Wellbeing in Emerging Adulthood
The transition to adulthood is a major life course transition that can pose risk to wellbeing. Research is needed to identify patterns of risk for compromised wellbeing, in order to best identify supports for individuals during this potentially vulnerable transition. The purpose of this study was to identify profiles of risk in an emerging adulthood sample, and to relate these profiles to mental health and subjective and academic wellbeing. Undergraduate emerging adults (N = 903, 82 % female), aged 18–25 years (M = 21.14, SD = 1.75), completed a series of questionnaires about risk factors, mental health, and academic variables. Results from a latent profile analysis identified four distinct risk profiles: Low Risk (76 %), Low Social Support Risk (4 %), Financial Risk (11 %), and Multiple Risk (8 %). The risk profiles were subsequently related to mental health and subjective and academic wellbeing outcomes, using a pseudo-class draws approach. Analyses indicated that the risk-pattern profiles differed in several ways across outcomes. Implications for targeted interventions are discussed.
|Keywords||Academic stress, Emerging adulthood, Latent profile analysis, Person-centered methods, Risk factors, Wellbeing|
|Journal||Journal of Youth and Adolescence|
Newcomb-Anjo, S.E. (Sarah E.), Barker, E.T. (Erin T.), & Howard, A. (2017). A Person-Centered Analysis of Risk Factors that Compromise Wellbeing in Emerging Adulthood. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 46(4), 867–883. doi:10.1007/s10964-016-0603-2