This study evaluated the effectiveness of using externally bonded carbon fiber-reinforced polymer (CFRP) sheets to enhance the seismic performance of nonductile reinforced concrete shear wall specimens representative of low aspect ratio walls. The specimens were designed to replicate structural deficiencies typically found in older concrete structures constructed during the 1960s and 1970s. The nonductile reinforcement details included insufficient shear reinforcement, lack of boundary elements, and low concrete compressive strength. The specimens were repaired or strengthened using vertical and horizontal CFRP sheets and then cyclically tested to simulate seismic loading. A tube anchor system was used to transfer the tensile force carried by the CFRP sheet to the foundation of the specimens. Experimental results showed that the CFRP retrofitting system was able to restore the original strength and initial stiffness of severely damaged specimens and significantly increase the flexural strength, ductility, and energy dissipation capacity in strengthening applications.

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Keywords Fiber-reinforced polymer, Reinforced concrete, Squat shear wall
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Journal Journal of Composites for Construction
Woods, J.E. (Joshua E.), Lau, D.T, & Cruz-Noguez, C.A. (Carlos A.). (2016). In-Plane Seismic Strengthening of Nonductile Reinforced Concrete Shear Walls Using Externally Bonded CFRP Sheets. Journal of Composites for Construction, 20(6). doi:10.1061/(ASCE)CC.1943-5614.0000705