This research examined how mental imagery practice can increase future self-continuity to reduce procrastination. A total of 193 undergraduate students were randomly assigned to a present-focused meditation or to a future self-focused mental imagery condition. Participants in both conditions were asked to listen to their respective audio recording twice per week for four consecutive weeks and to complete a pre-intervention, half-point, and post-intervention questionnaire. At the four-week mark, hierarchical regression analyses revealed that both future self-continuity and empathic perspective taking were significantly higher for the mental imagery condition than the meditation condition. While vividness of future self moderated change in future self-continuity, affective empathy for future self mediated the relation between vividness of future self and future self-continuity. Lastly, only empathic perspective taking was a significant moderator of change in procrastination across time. The influence of empathy and future self-continuity on procrastination is discussed.

Additional Metadata
Persistent URL
Journal Applied Psychology
Blouin-Hudon, E.-M.C. (Eve-Marie C.), & Pychyl, T.A. (2017). A Mental Imagery Intervention to Increase Future Self-Continuity and Reduce Procrastination. Applied Psychology, 66(2), 326–352. doi:10.1111/apps.12088