A nearby virtual machine (VM) based cloudlet is proposed for mobile cloud computing (MCC) to enhance the performance of real-time resource-intensive mobile applications. Generally, when a mobile device (MD) discovers a cloudlet in the vicinity, it takes time to set up a VM inside the cloudlet before data offloading from the MD to the VM starts. The time between the discovery of the cloudlet and actual offloading of data is considered as the service initiation time. When multiple cloudlets are present in a nearby geographical location, initiating a service with each cloudlet may be frustrating for cloudlet users that moving from one location to another. In order to eliminate the delay caused by the service initiation time after moving away from the source cloudlet, this paper proposes a seamless live VM migration between neighbouring cloudlets. A seamless live VM migration is achieved with the prior knowledge of the migrating VM IP address in the destination cloudlet and more importantly with multipath TCP (MPTCP). We have performed a number of experiments to validate the proposed approach using Linux KVM hypervisor. The experimental results demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed approach and also show performance improvement. Specifically, there is almost zero downtime at the destination cloudlet after the migration is completed.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Cloudlets, Fog computing, Mobile cloud computing, Multipath TCP, Virtual machine migration
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13677-016-0061-0
Journal Journal of Cloud Computing
Teka, F. (Fikirte), Lung, C.H, & Ajila, S. (2016). Nearby live virtual machine migration using cloudlets and multipath TCP. Journal of Cloud Computing, 5(1). doi:10.1186/s13677-016-0061-0