Surveillance of environmental movements in Canada: critical infrastructure protection and the petro-security apparatus
A convergence of post-9/11 security governance practices and a dependence on extractive economies has resulted in changes to the way Canadian policing agencies classify environmental movements. We detail how the category of ‘critical infrastructure protection’ (CIP) now enables surveillance of environmentalists under the banner of national security. We examine the growth of CIP as a security category, its changing character from the Cold War to the present, and the role of threat entrepreneurs. We demonstrate that CIP networks have institutionalized collaborations between national security agencies and energy corporations, creating a petro-security apparatus that aims to suppress dissent. We conclude with reflections on what surveillance regimes driven by the petro-security apparatus mean for debates about national security and social movements.
|Keywords||critical infrastructure, policing, Security, social movements, surveillance|
|Journal||Contemporary Justice Review: Issues in Criminal, Social, and Restorative Justice|
Monaghan, J, & Walby, K. (Kevin). (2017). Surveillance of environmental movements in Canada: critical infrastructure protection and the petro-security apparatus. Contemporary Justice Review: Issues in Criminal, Social, and Restorative Justice, 20(1), 51–70. doi:10.1080/10282580.2016.1262770