This paper presents a novel algorithm for radar-based estimation of vital signs in a noncontact, privacy friendly manner while subjects are in motion. Unlike the traditional methods that merely use the Fourier spectrum of the output of the radar receiver to obtain estimates of breathing and heart rates, the proposed algorithm uses time-frequency approach. From the Time-Frequency Representation (TFR) of the output of a pseudo-random binary Phase Modulated Continuous Wave (PMCW) radar, frequency of the maximum amplitude at every time instant is estimated and a timeseries of dominant frequencies is formed. MUSIC algorithm is then applied to estimate the vital signs from this series. The proposed algorithm is demonstrated using simulated and real data. Simulated data is obtained through modeling the output of a PMCW radar. Real data is obtained by monitoring a walking subject for 10 minutes in a realistic setting with a 24.125 GHz PMCW radar. The vital sign estimates obtained using the proposed method are found to match closely the estimates from wearable devices that were applied to provide the ground truth for breathing and heart rates.

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Keywords Breathing Rate, Contactless Monitoring, Estimation of Vital Signs, Heart Rate, Radar, Sensors, Time-Frequency Analysis
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Conference 18th IEEE International Conference on e-Health Networking, Applications and Services, Healthcom 2016
Nejadgholi, I. (Isar), Rajan, S, & Bolic, M. (Miodrag). (2016). Time-frequency based contactless estimation of vital signs of human while walking using PMCW radar. In 2016 IEEE 18th International Conference on e-Health Networking, Applications and Services, Healthcom 2016. doi:10.1109/HealthCom.2016.7749445