New constraints on the geochronology and Sm-Nd isotopic characteristics of Bas-Drâa mafic dykes, Anti-Atlas of Morocco
The Precambrian inliers of the Anti-Atlas belt across the southern part of Morocco contain numerous mafic dyke and sill swarms, which are thought to represent the erosional remnants of Proterozoic Large Igneous Provinces (LIPs). As part of an extended research campaign to date and characterize these LIPs, two amphiboles from one dyke within the Bas-Drâa inlier (western Anti-Atlas) yielded consistent 40Ar-39Ar ages of 611 Ma ± 1.3; i.e., evidence of magmatic activity during the Ediacaran (635-542 Ma). Furthermore, Nd isotope ratios and model ages identifies four groups of dykes within the Bas-Drâa inlier, all of which were derived from a previously enriched mantle reservoir with very low 143Nd/144Nd ratios (0.51065-0.51170) and corresponding εNd(t) values (-16.44 to -2.45). Such low Nd-ratios arguably reflect either a contribution of crustal components, such as the Paleoproterozoïc schisto-granitic basement, or metasomatic modification of the sub-continental lithospheric mantle.
|Keywords||Anti-Atlas, Ar-Ar geochronology, Bas-Drâa, Mafic dykes, Model age, Sm-Nd, West African Craton|
|Journal||Journal of African Earth Sciences|
El Bahat, A. (Abdelhakim), Ikenne, M. (Moha), Cousens, B, Söderlund, U. (Ulf), Ernst, R.E, Klausen, M.B. (Martin B.), & Youbi, N. (Nasrrddine). (2017). New constraints on the geochronology and Sm-Nd isotopic characteristics of Bas-Drâa mafic dykes, Anti-Atlas of Morocco. Journal of African Earth Sciences. doi:10.1016/j.jafrearsci.2016.09.003