This paper presents an efficient method for the analysis of multiconductor transmission lines with frequency-dependent parameters. The proposed technique generates positive-real representations for the frequency dependency of transmission line parameters as well as closed-form expressions based on exponential Padé approximants. The new model is suitable for inclusion in general purpose circuit simulators and overcomes the difficulty of mixed frequency/time simulation encountered during transient analysis. In addition, the proposed model can be easily incorporated with the recently developed passive model-reduction techniques. Numerical examples are presented to demonstrate the validity and efficiency of the proposed method.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Circuit simulation, Distributed networks, Frequency-dependent parameters, High-speed interconnects, Krylov-space techniques, Model-reduction, Padé approximation, Printed circuit boards, Transient analysis, Transmission lines
Journal IEEE Transactions on Advanced Packaging
Dounavis, A. (Anestis), Achar, R, & Nakhla, M.S. (2000). Efficient passive circuit models for distributed networks with frequency-dependent parameters. IEEE Transactions on Advanced Packaging, 23(3), 382–392.