Subjective quality measurements on three digital speech coders, simulated with mobile radio channel transmission, were performed using the “mean opinion score (MOS)'’ method. The three speech coding methods tested were: Continuously variable slope delta-modulation (CVSD) coding, adaptive predictive coding (APC), and residually excited linear predictive (RELP) coding. Several versions of each coder, with transmission rates in the range of 7.3 to 16.1 kbits/s, were simulated. Five different channel conditions, including three derived from land mobile radio field experiments, were applied to the speech coders’ encoded output to study the effects. The results show that of the three coders, the CVSD coder is the most robust to channel errors, but produces reconstructed output speech of unacceptable quality. The 14.4 kbit/s RELP coder produces relatively good output speech quality, exhibits a mild degree of robustness to mobile radio channel errors, and is slightly less complex than the APC coder. Of the three digital speech coders tested, the RELP coder appears the most suitable for use with land mobile radio. However none of the three coders was able to produce speech of telephone toll quality in a mobile radio environment.

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Journal IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications
Hoyle, R.D. (Robert D.), & Falconer, D.D. (1987). A Comparison of Digital Speech Coding Methods for Mobile Radio Systems. IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, 5(5), 915–920. doi:10.1109/JSAC.1987.1146597