This paper presents a theoretical analysis of the matched-filter bound on N-branch space-time processing receivers in a frequency-selective correlated fading environment. The development is based on a Karhunen-Loève expansion in the frequency domain. Although many other works are based on similar expansions, we present a more general analytical framework in the frequency domain covering Rayleigh and Rician fading scenarios, with and without branch correlations and/or unequal branch powers. The Rician fading scenario is approximated using a Nakagami-m distribution. The branch correlations and unequal branch powers are dealt with through a simple and novel device, the concatenated array-equivalent channel. Likewise, a novel approach is presented that reduces the Rician fading case to an equivalent Rayleigh-fading system. Furthermore, results are presented for different array topologies where correlation characteristics are obtained with the help of a measurement-validated correlation model situated in the local multipoint distribution service band, i.e., the carrier frequency used in the measurements was 29.5 GHz.

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Keywords Array signal processing, Broadband communication, Matched-filter bound, Maximum-likelihood (M-L) sequence estimation, Space-time processing
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Journal IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications
Roy, S. (Sébastien), & Falconer, D.D. (2004). The matched-filter bound on optimal space-time processing in correlated fading channels. IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, 3(6), 2156–2169. doi:10.1109/TWC.2004.837392