This paper presents theoretical characterizations analysis for the physical layer of multihop wireless communications channels. Four channel models are considered and developed: the decoded relaying multihop channel; the amplified relaying multihop channel; the decoded relaying multihop diversity channel; and the amplified relaying muitihop diversity channel. Two classifications are discussed: decoded relaying versus amplified relaying, and multihop channels versus multihop diversity channels. The channel models are compared, through analysis and simulations, with the "singlehop" (direct transmission) reference channel on the basis of signal-to-noise ratio, probability of outage, probability of error, and optimal power allocation. Each of the four channel models is shown to outperform the singlehop reference channel under the condition that the set of intermediate relaying terminals is selected intelligently. Multihop diversity channels are shown to outperform multihop channels. Amplified relaying is shown to outperform decoded relaying despite noise propagation. This is attributed to the fact that amplified relaying does not suffer from the error propagation which limits the performance of decoded relaying channels to that of their weakest link.

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Keywords Ad-hoc networks, Cooperative diversity, Diversity techniques, Mesh networks, Multihop channels, Multihop diveristy, Wireless relaying
Persistent URL
Journal IEEE Transactions on Communications
Boyer, J. (John), Falconer, D.D, & Yanikömeroǧlu, H. (2004). Multihop diversity in wireless relaying channels. IEEE Transactions on Communications, 52(10), 1820–1830. doi:10.1109/TCOMM.2004.836447