Canada's Youth Hires program was a targeted employment subsidy that rebated employment insurance premiums to employers with net increases in insurable earnings for youths aged 18-24 years. Using a difference-in-differences approach, in each of two data sets statistically and economically significant employment impacts are observed. Most of the evidence suggests that the 2-2.4 weeks of increased employment resulted from an aggregate reduction in those not in the labour force, with at most a modest change in the unemployment rate. Many estimated effects are larger for men than for women. Notably, strong evidence of displacement (substitution away from slightly older non-subsidized workers) is not observed. However, there may be a small reduction in full-time schooling for the targeted group.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Displacement, Targeted tax policy, Unemployment, Unemployment insurance, Youth unemployment
Persistent URL
Journal Canadian Public Policy
Webb, M, Sweetman, A. (Arthur), & Warman, C. (Casey). (2016). Targeting tax relief at youth employment. Canadian Public Policy, 42(4), 415–430. doi:10.3138/cpp.2014-070