Camouflage behaviour and body orientation on backgrounds containing directional patterns
The best-known interrelated mechanisms through which coloration can act to reduce predator detection rates of potential prey are background matching and disruptive coloration (Thayer 1909; Cott 1940; Kingsland 1978; Ruxton et al. 2004; Wilkinson & Sherratt 2008; Stevens & Merilaita 2009). With background matching, objects are difficult to detect simply due to their similarity to their background. Conversely, the striking/high-contrast markings involved in disruptive coloration create ‘the appearance of false edges and boundaries and hinders the detection or recognition of an object's outline and shape’ (Stevens & Merilaita 2009). Coloration is but one means through which animals achieve crypsis; others include behaviour and morphology, including body size and shape. Here we focus on behaviour and its interaction with coloration in relation to crypsis.
Webster, R.J. (Richard J.), Callahan, A. (Alison), Godin, J.-G.J, & Sherratt, T. (2011). Camouflage behaviour and body orientation on backgrounds containing directional patterns. In Animal Camouflage: Mechanisms and Function (pp. 101–117). doi:10.1017/CBO9780511852053.007