Despite being there from the beginning, philosophical approaches have never had a settled place in cognitive research and few cognitive researchers not trained in philosophy have a clear sense of what its role has been or should be. We distinguish philosophy in cognitive research and philosophy of cognitive research. Concerning philosophy in cognitive research, after exploring some standard reactions to this work by nonphilosophers, we will pay particular attention to the methods that philosophers use. Being neither experimental nor computational, they can leave others bewildered. Thought experiments are the most striking example but not the only one. Concerning philosophy of cognitive research, we will pay particular attention to its power to generate and test normative claims, claims about what should and should not be done.

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Keywords Justifying norms, Philosophical methods, Philosophy in cognitive science, Philosophy of cognitive science, Thought experiments
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Journal Topics in Cognitive Science
Brook, A. (2009). Introduction: Philosophy in and Philosophy of Cognitive Science. Topics in Cognitive Science, 1(2), 216–230. doi:10.1111/j.1756-8765.2009.01014.x