In this research project, a colloidal solution of silver nanocubes was synthesized and using these nanocubes as building blocks, 2D and 3D ordered structures on solid supports were fabricated to study their optical properties and refractive index sensitivities. The silver nanocubes were synthesized by the polyol reduction process while their 2D and 3D ordered structures were fabricated by Langmuir-Blodgett trough (LB). Atomic force microscopy (AFM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) were employed to investigate the size and shape of the nanostructures as well as the morphologies of 2D and 3D structures. UV-visible absorption spectroscopy was employed to explore their optical properties. Finally, 2D and 3D assemblies of silver nanocubes were employed to investigate their refractive index sensitivity (RIS). The SEM image showed silver nanocubes with nominal edge length of 80 nm. Extinction spectra of 2D and 3D ordered structures are different than those in a colloidal state. Intensity of the plasmon resonance modes is higher for the 3D assembly than that of the 2D assembly. A new band in the low energy region of the spectrum appears for the 3D assembly because of interparticle coupling of the plasmon resonance modes. 3D assembly showed a higher RIS (158.9/ RIU) than of the 2D assembly (150.3/RIU). However, nanocubes are less ordered in 2D substrate than its counterpart 3D. Such 2D and 3D assemblies of silver nanocubes (AgNCs) could be potential candidates for making refractive index-based sensors as well as promising surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) active substrates.

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Keywords 2D/3D assemblies, Extinction spectra, RIS, SERS, Silver nanocubes
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Journal Plasmonics
Ahamad, N.U. (Nur Uddin), Ianoul, A.I, & Al-Amin, M. (2017). Fabrication of 2D and 3D Architectures with Silver Nanostructures Building Blocks and Studying Their Refractive Index Sensitivity. Plasmonics, 1–7. doi:10.1007/s11468-016-0487-8