Emerald from the deposits at Poona shows micrometre-scale chemical, optical, and cathodoluminescence zonation. This zonation, combined with fluid inclusion and isotope studies, indicates early emerald precipitation from a single-phase saline fluid of approximately 12 weight percent NaCl equivalent, over the temperature range of 335-525 °C and pressures ranging from 70 to 400 MPa. The large range in pressure and temperature likely reflects some post entrapment changes and re-equilibration of oxygen isotopes. Secondary emerald-hosted fluid inclusions indicate subsequent emerald precipitation from higher salinity fluids. Likewise, the 518O-SD of channel fluids extracted from Poona emerald is consistent with multiple origins yielding both igneous and metamorphic signatures. The combined multiple generations of emerald precipitation, different fluid compositions, and the presence of both metamorphic and igneous fluids trapped in emerald, likely indicate a protracted history of emerald precipitation at Poona conforming to both an igneous and a metamorphic origin at various times during regional lower amphibolite to greenschist facies metamorphism over the period ~2710-2660 Ma.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Australia, Beryl, Emerald, Fluid inclusions, Stable isotopes, Yilgarn craton
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.3390/min6040130
Journal Minerals
Citation
Marshall, D. (Dan), Downes, P.J. (Peter J.), Ellis, S. (Sarah), Greene, R. (Robert), Loughrey, L. (Lara), & Jones, P. (2016). Pressure-temperature-fluid constraints for the poona emerald deposits, western Australia: Fluid inclusion and stable isotope studies. Minerals, 6(4). doi:10.3390/min6040130