This article draws on theories about the internationalization process of small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) and feminist arguments to explain gender differences in export propensity. Findings are based on a large-scale survey of Canadian SMEs. After controlling for sector, firm, and owner attributes, female majority-owned firms were significantly less likely to export than firms owned by men. The implications for entrepreneurship and feminist theory, export policy, and research are considered.

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Journal Entrepreneurship: Theory and Practice
Orser, B. (Barbara), Spence, M. (Martine), Riding, A.L, & Carrington, C.A. (Christine A.). (2010). Gender and export propensity. Entrepreneurship: Theory and Practice, 34(5), 933–957. doi:10.1111/j.1540-6520.2009.00347.x