Mapping products and cartographic processes incorporating sound along with image and text still constitute a small portion of the mapping efforts within cartography. This paper discusses the motivation for introducing muhisensory information into mapping projects by looking at the historically- and culturally-informed understanding of the ordering of the senses, especially focusing on the role of hearing, within Western philosophical and scientific traditions. Recent research into the use of sound as part of cartography is briefly examined, as is the role of sound in contemporary disciplines outside of cartography. The paper then presents a framework for the incorporation of sound into visual maps in the context of cyber-cartographic atlas projects and presents examples highlighting some of the ways in which different sound element types have been used in atlas content developed using this framework.

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Journal Geomatica
Citation
Brauen, G. (Glenn), & Taylor, D.R. (2007). A cybercartographic framework for audible mapping. Geomatica, 61(2), 127–136.