In this paper, we propose a secure cooperative communications scheme for orthogonal frequency-division multiple-access (OFDMA) cognitive radio networks (CRNs), where a primary base station (PBS) wants to transmit information to some distant primary users (PUs) in the presence of a set of passive eavesdroppers. In our model, the transmission is performed in two consecutive time slots; in the first time slot, the PBS transmits while the secondary users (SUs) and the eavesdroppers listen. In the second time slot, the SUs transmit while the PUs, the secondary base station (SBS), and the eavesdroppers listen. We consider two schemes for eavesdropping; in the first scheme, the eavesdroppers listen to transmissions from the PBS to the SUs, and in the second scheme, we assume that the eavesdroppers apply the maximal ratio combining approach on the received signals in the first and second time slots for the primary network. In the proposed model, the SUs are allowed to use the licensed spectrum of the PUs, as long as they help the PUs to satisfy their secrecy rate requirement. We assume a frame-based transmission where each frame is divided into two consecutive time slots of equal duration. In the first time slot, the PBS transmits while the SUs and the eavesdroppers listen. In the second time slot, the selected SUs relay the PBS information to the distant PUs. Meanwhile, the SUs use the remaining resources to transmit their own information to the SBS while the eavesdroppers listen to this transmission. We formulate our proposed schemes as an optimization problem and solve it by dual Lagrange approach. We evaluate our proposed scheme in various situations using simulations and show the efficiency of the proposed scheme. An important aspect of the proposed paradigm is that replacing the conventional average interference threshold constraint by the primary secrecy rate constraint does not only decrease the secondary average secrecy rate with respect to the conventional case but can actually provide significantly higher secondary average secrecy rate as well.

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Keywords Average secrecy rate, Cognitive radio network (CRN), Decode-and-forward (DF) relay, Eavesdropping, Power allocation
Persistent URL
Journal IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology
Abedi, M.R. (Mohammad Reza), Mokari, N. (Nader), Javan, M.R. (Mohammad Reza), & Yanikomeroglu, H. (2017). Secure Communication in OFDMA-Based Cognitive Radio Networks: An Incentivized Secondary Network Coexistence Approach. IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, 66(2), 1171–1185. doi:10.1109/TVT.2016.2555946