Procrastination, Emotion Regulation, and Well-Being
In this chapter, we explore how procrastination functions as an emotion-regulation strategy that provides short-term mood repair. We begin by explaining the link between emotion regulation and procrastination, drawing on more general research on self-regulation that demonstrates how regulating moods and feeling states can lead to a failure of self-control. Here we explain how, when faced with aversive tasks, the priority of mood repair results in the task avoidance we label procrastination. Having established the link between emotion regulation and procrastination, we then turn to the rapidly expanding research literature on emotion regulation with a particular emphasis on the conceptual frameworks developed by Gross (2013, 2014) and Koole (2009). We summarize how both process and function perspectives allow us to understand why it is that the present self engages in self-defeating delay at the expense of the future self. Situating procrastination as a form of emotion regulation that provides a short-term hedonic shift helps us to understand the paradoxical conflict between the present self and the future self when we procrastinate. Based on this emotion-regulation perspective, we then discuss avenues for future research with a focus on well-being and health.
|Keywords||Emotion regulation, Hedonic need, Misregulation, Stress|
Pychyl, T.A, & Sirois, F.M. (Fuschia M.). (2016). Procrastination, Emotion Regulation, and Well-Being. In Procrastination, Health, and Well-Being (pp. 163–188). doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-802862-9.00008-6