In this final chapter of the edited volume, we look back through the chapters to identify the themes that unify the research to date on the consequences of procrastination for health and well-being. We highlight three central themes-failure to regulate behavior, emotion-regulation difficulties, and the temporal aspects of procrastination-and discuss their significance for understanding how and why the unnecessary delay of important intended tasks can take a toll on both physical and psychological health. More importantly, we also take a look ahead to what future research might help address the gaps in the current literature on procrastination, health, and well-being. We discuss four issues related to: (1) the conceptualization of procrastination as a trait, state, or coping strategy; (2) methodological limitations of the existing research; (3) procrastination in relation to other forms of delay; and (4) intervention-based advances that might be fruitful to pursue to further our understanding of this important topic. We make recommendations throughout that might help guide future research.

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Keywords Coping, Delay, Emotion regulation, Intervention, Methodology
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Sirois, F.M. (Fuschia M.), & Pychyl, T.A. (2016). Future of Research on Procrastination, Health, and Well-Being: Key Themes and Recommendations. In Procrastination, Health, and Well-Being (pp. 255–271). doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-802862-9.00012-8