Wireless network virtualization is a promising technique for future wireless networks. In this paper, different from traditional virtualization approaches by means of resource isolation at the subchannel or time-slot level, we propose a novel framework of heterogeneous cellular network virtualization combined with interference alignment (IA) technology, which utilizes IA to cancel the mutual interference, by aligning the interference from other transmitters into a lower dimensional subspace at each receiver. In this framework, we formulate the virtual resource allocation as a joint virtualization and IA problem, considering the gain not only from interference mitigation introduced by IA but from the sum-rate improvement brought by virtualization as well. In addition, to reduce the computational complexity, with the recent advances in discrete stochastic approximation (DSA), we propose a two-step algorithm to solve the formulated problem. The basic principle is to design IA schemes for each feasible association combination and then to traverse the association space to search for the optimal association combination with the maximum sum rate. Extensive simulations are conducted with different system parameters to show the effectiveness of the proposed scheme.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Discrete stochastic approximation (DSA), heterogeneous cellular networks, interference alignment (IA), Wireless network virtualization
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1109/TVT.2016.2562741
Journal IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology
Wang, K. (Kan), Li, H. (Hongyan), Yu, F.R, Wei, W. (Wenchao), & Suo, L. (Long). (2017). Interference Alignment in Virtualized Heterogeneous Cellular Networks with Imperfect Channel State Information. IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, 66(2), 1519–1532. doi:10.1109/TVT.2016.2562741