The effects of self-criticism and self-oriented perfectionism on goal pursuit
Five separate studies examined the associations of self-criticism and self-oriented perfectionism with goal pursuit across a variety of domains. Although self-criticism has previously been shown to be related to diminished goal progress, a controversy remains regarding the potential association between aspects of "positive perfectionism," such as self-oriented perfectionism, and enhanced goal progress. The results of the five studies demonstrated a consistent pattern of negative association between self-criticism and goal progress. The results also showed a positive association between self-oriented perfectionism and goal progress when self-criticism was controlled. The important role of self-criticism for understanding the impact of perfectionistic concerns is highlighted by these results. Implications for the debate concerning the possible positive effects of perfectionistic strivings are also discussed.
|Keywords||goal pursuit, perfectionism, self-criticism|
|Journal||Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin|
Powers, T.A. (Theodore A.), Koestner, R. (Richard), Zuroff, D.C. (David C.), Milyavskaya, M, & Gorin, A.A. (Amy A.). (2011). The effects of self-criticism and self-oriented perfectionism on goal pursuit. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 37(7), 964–975. doi:10.1177/0146167211410246