Engaging the other
Conflict is endemic in human interaction, but it is not inevitable. Some clashes tend to result from the placing of relationships within a zero-sum framework in which the Self sees itself as losing when the Other makes a gain, and vice versa. When opposing parties view each other as a danger they feed on mutually induced fears and produce a rising spiral of conflict. Such adversarial conceptualizations tend to disregard the possibilities for fruitful engagements with the Other.
Eid, M. (Mahmoud), & Karim, K. (2014). Engaging the other. In Engaging the Other: Public Policy and Western-Muslim Intersections (pp. 1–15). doi:10.1057/9781137403698_1