The decline of citizen involvement affects two key elements of democratic government: elections and political parties. Activating the Citizen examines the reasons underlying citizen withdrawal and explores and assesses innovative approaches on both sides of the Atlantic to try to counter these phenomena.

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ISBN 978-0-230-24090-2
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DeBardeleben, J, & Pammett, J.H. (2009). Activating the citizen: Dilemmas of participation in Europe and Canada. Activating the Citizen: Dilemmas of Participation in Europe and Canada (pp. 1–306). doi:10.1057/9780230240902