Nanoantennas are key optical components for several applications including biosensing. This paper presents the optimization of plasmonic nanodipole antenna arrays, operating with short-range surface plasmon polaritons, to maximize bulk sensitivity. The array is integrated on a substrate (silicon or glass) and covered by water. Using modal analysis,a full study was carried out on the dimensions of the nanodipoles at three optical wavelengths of interest, 850, 1310, and 1550 nm, and some of the results were validated using full 3D FDTD modeling. We show that nanodipoles on a glass substrate produce a greater bulk sensitivity than on a silicon substrate. The largest bulk sensitivities are produced at the longest wavelength (1550 nm) as 1000 nm/RIU on glass and 500 nm/RIU on silicon. Good performance over a wide range of nanodipole dimensions was observed, making the arrays tolerant to imperfections.

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Keywords Antenna array, Bionanotechnology, Biosensing, Nanodipole, Photonics, Plasmonics, Surface plasmon polariton
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Journal IEEE Journal on Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics
Alavirad, M. (Mohammad), Roy, L, & Berini, P. (Pierre). (2014). Optimization of plasmonic nanodipole antenna arrays for sensing applications. IEEE Journal on Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, 20(3). doi:10.1109/JSTQE.2013.2289963