This paper presents a critical review of the automated on-going commissioning (AOGC) methods for air-handling units (AHU) and variable air volume terminal (VAV) units in commercial buildings. The common faults studied in the literature were identified. The diagnostic approaches taken and the characteristics of the fault-symptom datasets utilized were categorized. It was found that the diagnostics methods were vastly fragmented, and most of them employed pure-statistical approaches. Only a few studies attempted to assimilate the automation data within the underlying physical processes. In addition, a large fraction of the reviewed literature has been devoted to physical faults in AHUs. Only a few studies were conducted to diagnose faults-related with controls programming and faults at the zone level. Upon the literature survey findings, an inverse greybox modelling-based AOGC approach was put forward. Its strengths and weaknesses were demonstrated through a case study conducted using the archived building automation system (BAS) data of an office building in Ottawa, Canada. The results of this case study indicate that inverse greybox modelling-based AOGC is a promising method to diagnose both physical and controls programming related faults at AHUs and VAVs.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Automated on-going commissioning, Commercial buildings, Fault detection and diagnostics, Greybox modelling, Inverse modelling
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.buildenv.2017.03.035
Journal Building and Environment
Citation
Gunay, H.B, Shen, W. (Weiming), & Yang, C. (Chunsheng). (2017). Characterization of a Building's operation using automation data: A review and case study. Building and Environment (Vol. 118, pp. 196–210). doi:10.1016/j.buildenv.2017.03.035