In 2008, less than 20 years since most former communist countries of Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) embarked on a major process of political transformation and economic restructuring, Europe was hit by the global economic crisis. The post-communist countries were not spared by the economic turmoil. On the contrary, some of them paid a high price for their close integration into the global economy (thus ‘importing’ a similar disease as the developed ‘others’); some paid for their own policy mistakes, which exacerbated the depth of the problem and in many cases these processes were combined. It was the second recession of the post-Soviet period, with the first, between 1989 and 1994, a massive transformational recession caused by radical changes in the entire economic system, from planned to market economies; the second recession, in 2008–09, had different roots, and thus the policy reaction to it was also different.

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Dutkiewicz, P, & Gorzelak, G. (Grzegor). (2013). The 2008-09 economic crisis: Consequences in Central and Eastern Europe. In Economic Crisis in Europe: What it means for the EU and Russia (pp. 217–237). doi:10.1057/9781137005236

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