The novel ligand 4,4′-dicyanamidobiphenyl dianion (bp2-) has been synthesized and characterized by 13C NMR spectroscopy, cyclic voltammetry, and crystallography. The crystal structure of [Ph4As]2[bp]·H2O showed that bp2- is approximately planar with a dihedral angle of 8.2° between phenyl ring planes and the cyanamide groups in an ami conformation. The water of crystallization is asymmetrically hydrogen bonded between cyanamide groups of adjacent bp2- ions. The crystal data for C62H48N4As2+H2O are monoclinic crystal system and space group P21/c with a = 12.998(5) Å, b = 13.465(4) Å, c = 28.703(13) Å, β = 98.94(3)°, V = 4963(3) Å3, and Z = 4. The structure was refined by using 4555 reflections with I > 2.5σ(I) to an R factor of 0.058. The complex, [{(NH3}5Ru}2(μ-bp)][X]4, where X = tosylate or PF6 - ions, was also synthesized and characterized by 1H NMR spectroscopy, cyclic voltammetry, spectroelectrochemistry, and temperature-dependent magnetic susceptibility measurements. From cyclic voltammetry measurements, the comproportionation constants to form the mixed-valence complex [{(NH3}5Ru)2(μ-bp)]3+ were estimated to be 4.1, 16, and 22 in water, acetonitrile, and nitromethane, respectively. The trend and magnitude of Kc suggests solvent valence trapping of a weakly coupled Class II ion. The MMCT band of the mixed-valence complex had to be deconvoluted from the low-energy LMCT band and had the following properties in acetonitrile, νmax = 8400 cm-1, εmax = 3300 M-1 cm-1, and Δν1/2 = 3300 cm-1. The weak superexchange mediating properties of bp2- compared to 1,4-dicyanamidobenzene dianion were suggested to arise from the larger barrier to the formation of the radical anion bp-.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Cyanamido, Mixed valence, Ruthenium, Superexchange
Journal Canadian Journal of Chemistry
Citation
Aquino, M.A.S. (Manuel A.S.), White, C.A. (Christopher A.), Bensimon, C. (Corinne), Greedan, J.E., & Crutchley, R. (1996). A pentaammineruthenium(III) dimer with the novel bridging ligand 4,4′-dicyanamidobiphenyl dianion. Canadian Journal of Chemistry, 74(11), 2201–2208.