In this paper, the biaxial loading path effects on the mode I plane strain elastic-plastic crack-tip stress fields are investigated computationally. First, three different loading sequences including one proportional loading and two non-proportional loading paths are applied to the modified boundary layer (MBL) model under small-scale yielding conditions. For the same external displacement field applied at the outer boundary of the MBL model, the mode I K field and T-stress field combined as the different loading paths are applied to investigate the influence of the nonproportional loading. The results show that for either the compressive or tensile T-stress, the loading path which applied K field first followed by T-stress field generates the lower crack-tip constraint comparing to proportional loading. There is only minor difference between the results from proportional loading path and that with the T-stress field applied first following by K field. Next, two finite width specimens under non-proportional biaxial loading conditions that generate the same three loading paths are analyzed. Similar crack tip characteristics are observed in these specimens as these obtained from the MBL model, and it is demonstrated that the near-tip behavior in specimens can be predicted accurately using the results from MBL models. The present results show that it is very important to include the load sequence effects in elastic-plastic fracture analysis when dealing with nonproportional loading conditions.

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Keywords Biaxial loading, Constraint effect, Elastic-plastic crack tip fields, Nonproportional loading
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Journal Engineering Fracture Mechanics
Jin, Z. (Zhaoyu), Wang, X, Chen, X. (Xu), & Yu, D. (Dunji). (2017). The effects of nonproportional loading on the elastic-plastic crack-tip fields. Engineering Fracture Mechanics, 169, 18–34. doi:10.1016/j.engfracmech.2016.11.005