In this paper, we compare the potential gain that can be obtained from separate-antenna full-duplex transceivers in cellular networks with that obtained from cooperative operation of half-duplex base stations. The gain is characterized in terms of the total degrees of freedom (DoF). In particular, we consider a system composed of two adjacent MIMO base stations. We consider a single time-frequency resource unit that is used by each base station to communicate with one MIMO user. For the full-duplex case, we assume that each node has a configurable transceiver that can allocate some antennas to the uplink and the remainder to the downlink. We provide an upper bound on the total DoF of the full-duplex system and derive the optimal antenna allocation at each node. We compare the derived upper bound for the full-duplex transceivers with the achievable DoF in the case of half-duplex cooperative multipoint transmission. Our results indicate that the achievable DoF in the cooperative case is always greater than or equal to the upper bound on the DoF of the full-duplex system. We further investigate the case of fullduplex cooperative multipoint transmission and show that the maximum DoF gain due to full-duplex operation cannot exceed 12.5% of the DoF of the half-duplex cooperative system.

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Keywords Cooperative communication, Degrees of freedom, Full-duplex separateantenna transceivers
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Conference 84th IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference, VTC Fall 2016
El-Keyi, A. (Amr), & Yanikomeroglu, H. (2017). Cooperative versus full-duplex communication in cellular networks: A comparison of the total degrees of freedom. In IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference. doi:10.1109/VTCFall.2016.7880944