The downlink of a coordinated multi-cell distributed antenna system is considered. In [1], coordinated port selection was shown to achieve significant performance gains. However, in the system considered therein, the ports in each cell were constrained to transmit only to user terminals (UTs) in that cell. In this work, we consider a generalization of the problem considered in [1] by alleviating this constraint. We formulate the problem of determining the ports that maximize the minimum signal to interference plus noise ratio observed by the UTs as a binary-constrained optimization problem. Observing that it is NP-hard, we propose a semidefinite relaxation and Gaussian randomization based technique to obtain close-to-optimal solutions. Our simulation results show that the performance achieved by the proposed technique approaches that of the optimal solution. It is also shown that the proposed technique outperforms the one in [1], particularly for cell-edge UTs, albeit with an increased computational complexity.

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Keywords Coordinated port selection, Distributed antenna system, Gaussian randomization, Semidefinite relaxation
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Conference 2013 IEEE 24th Annual International Symposium on Personal, Indoor, and Mobile Radio Communications, PIMRC 2013
Bulu, G. (Gurhan), Ahmad, T. (Talha), Gohary, R, Yanikomeroglu, H, & Toker, C. (Cenk). (2013). Generalized coordinated port selection in a multi-cell distributed antenna system using semidefinite relaxation. In IEEE International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications, PIMRC (pp. 1029–1033). doi:10.1109/PIMRC.2013.6666289