In this paper we analyze the performance of multiple relay channels when multiple antennas are deployed only at relays. We apply two antenna diversity techniques at relays, namely maximum ratio combining (MRC) on receive and transmit beamforming (TB). We show that with K relays the network can be decomposed into K diversity channels each with a different channel gain, and that the signals can be effectively combined at the destination. We assume that the total number of antennas at all relays is fixed at N. If the total transmit power for all relays are the same as for the source and equally distributed among all the relays, the network capacity will be lower bounded by that of N relay channels each with single antenna, and upper bounded by that of single relay channels with N antennas.

Additional Metadata
Conference 12th European Wireless Conference on Enabling Technologies for Wireless Multimedia Communications, European Wireless 2006
Citation
Fan, Y. (Yijia), Thompson, J. (John), Adinoyi, A. (Abdulkareem), & Yanikömeroǧlu, H. (2006). Space diversity for multi-antenna multi-relay channels. In 12th European Wireless Conference 2006 - Enabling Technologies for Wireless Multimedia Communications, European Wireless 2006.