Fourteen phenotypic characters were chosen for the purpose of obtaining taxonomic evidence on the resemblances of 177 accessions of sorghum from North Shewa and South Welo regions of Ethiopia. Canonical Discriminant Analysis (CDA) and Modeclus cluster analysis were conducted to see if the 177 accessions could form clusters based on their morphological characters, and to test the consistency of farmers' naming of the five most common Sorghum landraces represented by 44 accessions. Multivariate analyses grouped the 177 accessions into three clusters linked by a few phenotypic intermediate landraces. A botanical key was established for easy classification of the Sorghum crop plants grown in the study area. The number of accessions of the five most common landraces named by the farmers formed dissimilar groups, suggesting that farmers' naming of these Sorghum landraces are consistent. Midrib color, grain color, grain size, glume color, glume hairiness, and grain shape were the leading morphological characters used by the farmers in naming these Sorghum landraces.

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Department of Geography and Environmental Studies

Teshome, A., Baum, B.R., Fahrig, L, Torrance, J.K., Arnason, T.J., & Lambert, J.D. (1997). Sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] landrace variation and classification in north shewa and south welo, ethiopia. Euphytica, 97(3), 255–263. doi:10.1023/A:1003074008785