To gain insight into factors that control H 2O 2 persistence and OH yield in H 2O 2-based in situ chemical oxidation systems, the decomposition of H 2O 2 and transformation of phenol were investigated in the presence of iron-containing minerals and aquifer materials. Under conditions expected during remediation of soil and groundwater, the stoichiometric efficiency, defined as the amount of phenol transformed per mole of H 2O 2 decomposed, varied from 0.005 to 0.28%. Among the iron-containing minerals, iron oxides were 2-10 times less efficient in transforming phenol than iron-containing clays and synthetic iron-containing catalysts. In both iron-containing mineral and aquifer materials systems, the stoichiometric efficiency was inversely correlated with the rate of H 2O 2 decomposition. In aquifer materials systems, the stoichiometric efficiency was also inversely correlated with the Mn content, consistent with the fact that the decomposition of H 2O 2 on manganese oxides does not produce OH. Removal of iron and manganese oxide coatings from the surface of aquifer materials by extraction with citrate-bicarbonate-dithionite slowed the rate of H 2O 2 decomposition on aquifer materials and increased the stoichiometric efficiency. In addition, the presence of 2 mM of dissolved SiO 2 slowed the rate of H 2O 2 decomposition on aquifer materials by over 80% without affecting the stoichiometric efficiency.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Advanced oxidation process, Dissolved silica, Fenton reaction, Groundwater treatment, Hydrogen peroxide, Iron oxides
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2012.09.020
Journal Water Research
Citation
Pham, A.L.T, Doyle, F.M. (Fiona M.), & Sedlak, D.L. (David L.). (2012). Kinetics and efficiency of H 2O 2 activation by iron-containing minerals and aquifer materials. Water Research, 46(19), 6454–6462. doi:10.1016/j.watres.2012.09.020