DEAP-3600 uses liquid argon contained in a spherical acrylic vessel as a target medium to perform a sensitive spin-independent dark matter search. Argon scintillates in the vacuum ultraviolet spectrum, which requires wavelength shifting to convert the VUV photons to visible so they can be transmitted through the acrylic light guides and detected by the surrounding photomultiplier tubes. The wavelength shifter 1,1,4,4-tetraphenyl-1,3-butadiene was evaporatively deposited to the inner surface of the acrylic vessel under vacuum. Two evaporations were performed on the DEAP-3600 acrylic vessel with an estimated coating thickness of 3.00 ± 0.02 μm which is successfully wavelength shifting with liquid argon in the detector. Details on the wavelength shifter coating requirements, deposition source, testing, and final performance are presented.

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Keywords Dark Matter detectors (WIMPs, axions, etc.), Noble liquid detectors (scintillation, ionization, double-phase)
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Journal Journal of Instrumentation
Broerman, B., Boulay, M.G, Cai, B., Cranshaw, D., Dering, K., Florian, S., … Ward, M. (2017). Application of the TPB Wavelength Shifter to the DEAP-3600 Spherical Acrylic Vessel Inner Surface. Journal of Instrumentation, 12(4). doi:10.1088/1748-0221/12/04/P04017