Spectrum sharing fairness is an important topic in cognitive radio ad hoc networks (CRAHNs) and cognitive radio sensor networks (CRSNs). Consensus-based protocols can provide light-weight and efficient solutions for CRAHNs and CRSNs but the theoretical ground needs to be investigated for spectrum sharing fairness. In this paper, we investigate the convergence condition when applying a consensus-based protocol to spectrum sharing while ensuring spectrum sharing fairness. Based on the local observation and local control scheme using spectrum-related information, an individual cognitive node can effectively perform the spectrum sharing. Then we propose a consensus-based protocol for spectrum sharing. Supported with computer simulation results, we show the effectiveness of using the proposed consensus-based protocol to solve the spectrum sharing problems in CRAHNs and CRSNs.

Additional Metadata
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/370251
Journal International Journal of Distributed Sensor Networks
Hu, P. (Peng), & Ibnkahla, M. (2012). A consensus-based protocol for spectrum sharing fairness in cognitive radio ad hoc and sensor networks. International Journal of Distributed Sensor Networks, 2012. doi:10.1155/2012/370251