One of the limitations of linear adaptive echo cancellers is nonlinearities which are generated mainly in the loudspeaker. The complete acoustic channel can be modelled as a nonlinear system convolved with a linear dispersive echo channel. Two new acoustic echo canceller models are developed to improve nonlinear performance. The first model consists of a time-delay feedforward neural network (TDNN) and the second model consists of a memoryless neural network followed by an adaptive Normalized Least Mean Square (NLMS) structure. Simulations demonstrate that both neural network based structures improve the Echo Return Loss Enhancement (ERLE) performance compared to a linear NLMS acoustic echo canceller. Experimental results using the TDNN improved the ERLE by 10 dB at low to medium loudspeaker volumes.

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Conference Proceedings of the 1995 20th International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing. Part 2 (of 5)
Birkett, A.N., & Goubran, R. (1995). Acoustic echo cancellation using NLMS-neural network structures. In ICASSP, IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing - Proceedings (pp. 3035–3038).