We conduct a study of petrography, geochronology, trace element and Hf isotope compositions on zircons from granulite terrain and granulite xenoliths in the Zhangjiakou region, northern North China Craton. Most zircons from both types of granulite have core-rim structure in their CL images. All the magmatic zircon cores yield essentially identical ∼2.5Ga ages, whereas metamorphic zircons yield ages of ∼1.85Ga and 120-140Ma, respectively. Most the ∼1.85Ga metamorphic zircons have Th/U ratios lower than 0.4 with a range of 0.01 to 0.63. However, the range of Th/U ratios of Mesozoic (120-140Ma) metamorphic zircons (0.12-3.48) overlaps that of the magmatic zircons (0.12-2.44). The Mesozoic and ∼1.85Ga metamorphic zircons have REE patterns consistent with magmatic zircons, except that the ∼1.85Ga ones show less enrichments and much less negative Eu anomalies than those of magmatic zircons. Therefore, Th/U ratios and the REE patterns cannot be used to distinguish metamorphic zircons from magmatic ones. The ∼1.85Ga metamorphic zircons, however, have lower formation temperatures, oxygen fugacity and 176Lu/177Hf ratios than the Mesozoic ones. We speculate that the ∼1.85Ga metamorphic zircons represent newly grown zircons coexisting with garnets and melt/fluid while the Mesozoic metamorphic zircons were formed quickly without the presence of garnet. The Mesozoic metamorphic zircons vary in their origins; some of these zircons were metamorphic newly grown while the others experienced recrystallization from a U-depleted melt/fluid. Our results suggest that P-T conditions, the melt/fluid and oxygen fugacity play important roles in controlling the trace element distribution and Hf isotope compositions of metamorphic zircons in the granulites.

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Keywords Granulite, Metamorphic zircons, North China Craton, Terrain, Xenoliths
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.precamres.2017.05.019
Journal Precambrian Research
Hu, J. (Jun), Jiang, N. (Neng), Fan, W. (Wenbo), & Zhang, S. (Shuangquan). (2016). Comparison of metamorphic zircons from granulite xenoliths and granulite terrain in northern North China Craton. Precambrian Research. doi:10.1016/j.precamres.2017.05.019