Research on state fragility has seldom examined questions of persistence and transition of states. We develop a sixfold typology of states to examine how key structural features of states evolve and contribute to successful exits from fragility in some cases and persistence in others. Particularly worrisome is the lack of positive transition among the weakest states. Our findings are derived from a minimalist construct of a refined time series data set involving state indicators of authority, legitimacy, and capacity. Case studies of some of the more turbulent examples support our state trajectories. Additionally, changes in legitimacy most often led state transitions into or out of fragility. Implications of intervention policy for transitioning states out of fragility are addressed, and these are given particular focus since fragile states experience at least twice the intensity/incidence of internal armed conflict compared to other states.

Additional Metadata
Keywords armed conflict, authority, capacity, failed states, foreign policy, legitimacy
Persistent URL
Series Country Indicators for Foreign Policy (CIFP)
Journal International Interactions
Tikuisis, P. (Peter), Carment, D, Samy, Y, & Landry, J. (Joseph). (2015). Typology of State Types: Persistence and Transition. International Interactions, 41(3), 565–582. doi:10.1080/03050629.2015.982116