This chapter assesses climate-related risks in the context of Article 2 of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). {Box 19.1} Such risks arise from the interaction of the evolving exposure and vulnerability of human, socioeconomic, and biological systems with changing physical characteristics of the climate system. {19.2} Alternative development paths influence risk by changing the likelihood of climatic events and trends (through their effects on greenhouse gases (GHGs) and other emissions) and by altering vulnerability and exposure. {19.2.4, Figure 19-1, Box 19-2}.

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Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781107415379.024
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Oppenheimer, M. (Michael), Campos, M. (Maximiliano), Warren, R. (Rachel), Birkmann, J. (Joern), Luber, G. (George), O’Neill, B. (Brian), … Hsiang, S. (Solomon). (2015). Emergent risks and key vulnerabilities. In Climate Change 2014 Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability: Part A: Global and Sectoral Aspects (pp. 1039–1100). doi:10.1017/CBO9781107415379.024