Unmanned aerial vehicle mounted base stations (UAV-BSs) can provide wireless services in a variety of scenarios. In this letter, we propose an optimal placement algorithm for UAV-BSs that maximizes the number of covered users using the minimum transmit power. We decouple the UAV-BS deployment problem in the vertical and horizontal dimensions without any loss of optimality. Furthermore, we model the UAV-BS deployment in the horizontal dimension as a circle placement problem and a smallest enclosing circle problem. Simulations are conducted to evaluate the performance of the proposed method for different spatial distributions of the users.

Additional Metadata
Keywords coverage, drone, optimization, Unmanned aerial vehicles
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1109/LWC.2017.2700840
Journal IEEE Wireless Communications Letters
Citation
Alzenad, M. (Mohamed), El-Keyi, A. (Amr), Lagum, F. (Faraj), & Yanikömeroǧlu, H. (2017). 3-D Placement of an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Base Station (UAV-BS) for Energy-Efficient Maximal Coverage. IEEE Wireless Communications Letters, 6(4), 434–437. doi:10.1109/LWC.2017.2700840