In this paper, we characterize the total degrees of freedom (DoFs) of the full-duplex asymmetric multiple-input multiple- output (MIMO) three-way channel. Each node has a separate-antenna full-duplex MIMO transceiver with a different number of antennas, where each antenna can be configured for either signal transmission or reception. We study this system under two message configurations; the first configuration is when each node has two unicast messages to be delivered to the two other nodes, while the second configuration is when each node has two unicast messages as well as one broadcast message to be delivered to the two other nodes. For each configuration, we first derive upper bounds on the total DoF of the system. Cut-set bounds in conjunction with genie-aided bounds are derived to characterize the achievable total DoF. Afterward, we analytically derive the optimal number of transmit and receive antennas at each node to maximize the total DoF of the system, subject to the total number of antennas at each node. Finally, the achievable schemes for each configuration are constructed. The proposed schemes are mainly based on zero-forcing and null-space transmit beamforming. We show that the derived outer and inner bounds on the total DoF are tight for each message configuration.

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Keywords Degrees of freedom, full-duplex communications, MIMO, multi-way channels
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Journal IEEE Transactions on Communications
Elmahdy, A.M. (Adel M.), El-Keyi, A. (Amr), Mohasseb, Y. (Yahya), Elbatt, T. (Tamer), Nafie, M. (Mohammed), Seddik, K.G. (Karim G.), & Khattab, T. (Tamer). (2017). Degrees of Freedom of the Full-Duplex Asymmetric MIMO Three-Way Channel with Unicast and Broadcast Messages. In IEEE Transactions on Communications (Vol. 65, pp. 3276–3287). doi:10.1109/TCOMM.2017.2664866