The highest response of multi-supported structures subjected to partially specified multi-component earthquake support motions is considered. The seismic inputs are modelled as incompletely specified vector Gaussian random processes with known autospectral density functions but unknown cross spectral densities and these unknown functions are determined such that the steady state response variance of a given linear system is maximized. The resulting cross power spectral density functions are shown to be dependent on the system properties, autospectra of excitation and the response variable chosen for maximization. It emerges that the highest system response is associated neither with fully correlated support motions, nor with independent motions, but, instead, specific forms of cross power spectral density functions are shown to exist which produce bounds on the response of a given structure. Application of the proposed results is demonstrated by examples on a ground based extended structure, namely, a 1578 m long, three span, suspension cable bridge and a secondary system, namely, an idealized piping structure of a nuclear power plant.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Critical seismic excitations, Multi-support seismic excitations
Journal Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics
Citation
Sarkar, A, & Manohar, C.S. (C. S.). (1996). Critical cross power spectral density functions and the highest response of multi-supported structures subjected to multi-component earthquake excitations. Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, 25(3), 303–315.