This paper examines and contrasts the feasibility of joint state and parameter estimation of noise-driven chaotic systems using the extended Kalman filter (EKF), ensemble Kalman filter (EnKF), and particle filter (PF). In particular, we consider the chaotic vibration of a noisy Duffing oscillator perturbed by combined harmonic and random inputs ensuing a transition probability density function (pdf) of motion which displays strongly non-Gaussian features. This system offers computational simplicity while exhibiting a kaleidoscope of dynamical behavior with a slight change of input and system parameters. An extensive numerical study is undertaken to contrast the performance of various nonlinear filtering algorithms with respect to sparsity of observational data and strength of model and measurement noise. In general, the performance of EnKF is better than PF for smaller ensemble size, while for larger ensembles PF outperforms EnKF. For moderate measurement noise and frequent measurement data, EKF is able to correctly track the dynamics of the system. However, EKF performance is unsatisfactory in the presence of sparse observational data or strong measurement noise.

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Keywords Chaos, Duffing oscillator, Ensemble Kalman filter, Extended Kalman filter, Latin hypercube sampling, Non-Gaussian transition probability density function, Nonlinear dynamics, Nonlinear filters, Parameter and state estimation, Particle filter
Persistent URL
Journal Nonlinear Dynamics
Khalil, M. (M.), Sarkar, A, & Adhikari, S. (S.). (2009). Nonlinear filters for chaotic oscillatory systems. Nonlinear Dynamics, 55(1-2), 113–137. doi:10.1007/s11071-008-9349-z