To compare legacy and emerging flame retardant (FR) contamination in Canadian marine and freshwater ecosystems, eggs of four gull species (Laridae) were collected from 26 colonies spanning Pacific to Atlantic Canada, including in the Great Lakes basin. Fourteen polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) congeners and 20 non-PBDE FRs were analyzed, but BDE-47, -99, -100, -153, -154 and -209, hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD) and Dechlorane Plus (DP) syn- and anti-isomers were common, and where concentrations of ∑PBDEs (37-610 ng/g wet weight, ww) ≫ HBCD (0.5-12 ng/g ww) > ∑DP (not quantifiable-5.5 ng/g ww). All other FRs were generally not detectable. Stable nitrogen and carbon isotopes used as dietary tracers provided insights into the diet choice influences on the exposure sources and contamination patterns (e.g., PBDE congener compositions) for individual gulls from the same colony. Eggs from gulls breeding near metropolitan regions of higher human densities showed greater PBDE burdens than from other ecosystems. Crown Copyright

Additional Metadata
Keywords Dechlorane Plus, Eggs, Flame retardants, Gulls, Hexabromocyclododecane, Human population density, Polybrominated diphenyl ethers, Stable isotopes
Persistent URL
Journal Environmental Pollution
Chen, D. (Da), Letcher, R.J, Burgess, N.M. (Neil M.), Champoux, L. (Louise), Elliott, J.E. (John E.), Hebert, C.E, … Wilson, L. (Laurie). (2012). Flame retardants in eggs of four gull species (Laridae) from breeding sites spanning Atlantic to Pacific Canada. Environmental Pollution (Vol. 168, pp. 1–9). doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2012.03.040