Time expenditure differences among weekdays, weekends, and fridays for residents of Makkah, Kingdon of Saudi Arabia
Many researchers have studied the differences in travel behaviours during the weekdays and the weekends for building travel demand in Makkah, Saudi Arabia, any travel demand framework should recognize the differences in residents' travel behaviour not only between the weekdays and the weekends, but also on Fridays. During the weekends (i.e., Thursday and Friday), most residents spend time with their families and friends on Thursdays, whereas some go to work. On Fridays, there is the Friday prayer, which takes place around noon, and most of the stores are closed until late afternoon. This paper presents modelling of the activity duration for residents of the city of Makkah for weekdays and weekends. The municipality of Makkah collected a full-day travel diary for the residents of Makkah in 2010 for all days of the week. The data were categorized as either weekdays or weekends. Then the multiple discrete continuous extreme value (MDCEV) model was used to estimate the activity duration for 3 separate groups of days (i.e., weekdays, Thursdays, and Fridays), and a fourth model was estimated for all days of the week. This paper will highlight the differences in travel behaviour for the residents of Makkah between the weekdays and the weekends time periods. The outcomes of this paper could be expanded for use in Muslim communities and for all other religions that perform religious rituals during the weekends.
|Conference||Canadian Society for Civil Engineering Annual Conference 2016: Resilient Infrastructure|
Alaa, A.S.S. (A.S. Sindi), Easa, S. (Said), & Halim, A.O.A.E. (A.O. Abd El). (2016). Time expenditure differences among weekdays, weekends, and fridays for residents of Makkah, Kingdon of Saudi Arabia. In Proceedings, Annual Conference - Canadian Society for Civil Engineering (pp. 3246–3256).