Field and laboratory testing programs were set up to evaluate the in-situ shear properties of asphalt concrete mixes using the newly developed in-situ shear stiffness testing (InSiSST ™) facility versus the laboratory evaluation using the resilient modulus and torsion testing. The LTPP SPS-9A 870900 test site, which has six similar pavement sections with different AC surface mix properties, was tested in the field using the InSiSST ™ and core samples were extracted from the site and tested in the laboratory. The results of the testing program were correlated with the rutting of the test sections over a 4-year period. In this paper, the InSiSST ™ facility is briefly introduced and the interpretation of the data collected is presented. The experimental program and analysis procedures are then outlined. The analysis of variance was used to test the significance of the results, and a bivariate analysis was performed for correlating rutting (as a criterion variable) and the different laboratory and field measured material properties (as predictor variables). Finally, a regression analysis between the in-situ shear stiffness and pavement rutting is presented. The results of the study showed that the in-situ shear stiffness had the highest correlation coefficient with rutting rate, and this might be a suitable measure to characterize the asphalt mixes and evaluate the rutting potential of asphalt pavements. This important result should be useful to the pavement engineers interested in the evaluation of rutting using a simple field measure.

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Keywords Asphalt concrete, In-situ testing, Laboratory testing, Long-term performance, Pavements, Rutting, Shear properties, Shear stiffness
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Journal Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering
Bekheet, W. (Wael), Halim, A.O, Easa, S.M. (Said M.), & Ponniah, J. (Joseph). (2004). Investigation of shear stiffness and rutting in asphalt concrete mixes. Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering, 31(2), 253–262. doi:10.1139/l03-093