The North American Free Trade Agreement (1992) and the General Agreement on Trade and Tariffs (1993) fundamentally affect UNESCO and International Telecommunications Union attempts to promote global communications equity. Essentially, NAFTA and GATT shield communication policies from citizens, and shift international communication policy out of UNESCO and the ITU. In so doing, these agreements institute a transnational politics of ‘limited democracy’. In contrast, we offer theories of pragmatic and communicative democracy as a means to think about democratic communication in the context of international communication policy and a range of new communication technologies and services.

Additional Metadata
Keywords communication, democracy, international, policy, telecommunications
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1177/0016549297059001002
Journal Gazette
Citation
Winseck, D, & Cuthbert, M. (Marlene). (1997). From communication to democratic norms: Reflections on the Normative Dimensions of International Communication Policy. Gazette, 59(1), 1–20. doi:10.1177/0016549297059001002